The baby's case could change the practice for how high-risk babies are treated, says Fauci. Usually, babies born to mothers with uncontrolled infections, or whose HIV is diagnosed close to delivery time, receive antiviral drugs at preventative doses for six weeks, and then HIV therapy if the virus is detected.
In the case of this baby, a more aggressive treatment showcases a potential for a cure with antiretroviral therapy given early, researchers say.
But the news about the baby isn't a total game-changer for the developed world. Usually, mothers with HIV get treatment so that the infection is not transmitted to their baby in the first place; for the United States, the situation is a "fluke," Fauci said.
But untreated mothers give birth all the time in Sub-Saharan Africa, for example, making the baby's case more relevant to the developing world.