Polio is a highly contagious disease caused by three types of poliovirus: spinal polio, bulbar polio  and bulbospinal polio, a combination of the two. The poliovirus is a virus most notable for its destruction of the nervous system, causing paralysis.

The majority of individuals who are infected with polio have no symptoms, and a small number of have mild symptoms. According to the CDC and the World Health Organization (WHO), of those people who do acquire the infection, 1 percent or fewer may develop paralytic disease.

Since the introduction of the polio vaccine in 1955 and global efforts to quell its spread, infections from the poliovirus have nearly been eradicated.

The CDC recommends three doses of the IPV (Inactivated polio vaccine) at 2 months, 4 months, between 6 and 18 months.

Pneumococcal Conjugate (PCV)

According to the CDC, before the preventative vaccine for this disease was introduced, children under the age of 5 registered the following infections per year:

·         More than 700 cases of meningitis

·         13,000 blood infections

·         About 5 million ear infections

These infections caused about 200 deaths per year before the vaccine.

The CDC recommends infants receive three doses of PCV at 4 months, 6 months, and between 12 and 15 months.


Influenza, commonly known as the flu, is a highly contagious viral infection of the upper respiratory system.

People are generally the most contagious with the flu 24 hours before they start having symptoms, which is why it can hard to stop the spread of the flu, especially among children.

The CDC recommends infants receive the influenza vaccination at 6 months and each year after.


If you have any concerns about your child’s health or his or her vaccine recommendations, please seek the advice of a medical professional.