12 landmark U.S. Supreme Court cases

Published On: Mar 27 2012 12:32:46 PM EDT   Updated On: Mar 26 2012 02:00:00 AM EDT

Forty-two years ago the U.S. Supreme Court made one of its most divisive rulings ever in the Roe vs. Wade case. Take a look back at some of the other landmark cases that shaped our nation.

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White House/Reuters

Marbury vs. Madison -- This 1803 case involving then-Secretary of State James Madison established the basis for judicial review and solidified the role of checks and balances in American government.