The Washington Monument opens to the public, John Lennon is born, Che Guevara is executed, and President Barack Obama wins the Nobel Peace Prize, all on this day.
1975: Andrei Sakharov, often called the father of the Soviet hydrogen bomb, becomes the first Soviet citizen to win the Nobel Peace Prize for his work as an outspoken dissident to the Soviet regime. Sakharov, seen here in 1989, was not allowed to leave the Soviet Union to collect it.
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