On this day: November 2

Published On: Nov 01 2012 08:44:24 PM EDT   Updated On: Nov 02 2012 02:00:00 AM EDT

Gen. George Washington says goodbye to his troops, cheerleading is born, the "Spruce Goose" takes off, Truman defeats Dewey, and a federal holiday is created to honor Martin Luther King Jr., all on this day.

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National Archives and Records Administration

1963: South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem (seen here shaking hands with U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1957) is assassinated during a military coup by a group of Army of the Republic of Vietnam officers who disagreed with his handling of both the Buddhist crisis, a campaign of civil resistance led mainly by Buddhist monks, and the Vietcong threat. The coup started on Nov. 1, with Diem being captured and executed the next day along with his brother and adviser Ngo Dinh Nhu.