The key players behind a purported veterans charity accused of setting up illegal gambling rooms pumped more than $1 million into the campaign accounts of politicians who had the power to regulate or put them out of business.
As the untaxed, barely regulated businesses mushroomed into a billion-dollar industry, money went to the campaigns of governors in Florida and North Carolina as well as dozens of state legislators, and state political parties.
"They certainly were involved in the process, there's no doubt about that," said Florida House Speaker Will Weatherford, who himself received a $500 check from one of the companies involved.
An Associated Press review of contributions showed nearly $1.1 million went into Florida campaign accounts from 2009-12 and more than $150,000 in North Carolina.
Allied Veterans of the World ran nearly 50 Internet parlors in Florida with computerized slot machine-style games and gave about $6 million to veterans out of nearly $300 million in profits. Investigators said much of the money went to charity leaders, who spent much of it on boats, beachfront condos and vehicles such as Maseratis, Ferraris and Porsches.
The operations were shut down this week and nearly 60 people arrested. Jennifer Carroll, Florida's Republican lieutenant governor, abruptly resigned after being questioned by investigators. Carroll did consulting work for Allied Veterans while she was a state legislator. She was not charged with wrongdoing.
Undercover law enforcement agents fanned out in the beginning of 2012 to conduct undercover investigations of 44 Allied Veterans locations, according to an Internal Revenue Service affidavit filed in federal court.
The agents labeled the parlors "Internet casinos," saying employees urged them to pay more to gamble to win the biggest prizes. According to the IRS, that violates a Florida law saying any sweepstakes game couldn't have different levels of prizes for those who made donations and those who did not.
One undercover agent who took the employees' advice to bet higher amounts won more than $630 in a single spin in December 2011 at an Allied Veterans site in Lake City -- and was told he could have won even more if he'd bet more.
After the arrests were announced Wednesday, authorities said the next phase of the investigation would focus on campaign contributions and lobbying.
A review of Florida contribution records showed several people arrested donated to state politicians, as did the Oklahoma-based software company that worked with Allied. In addition, many of the more than 100 companies linked to the Jacksonville attorney who has been accused of masterminding the racketeering scheme also made contributions.
In Florida, a large chunk went into the coffers of the two political parties: The Republican Party of Florida received nearly $300,000, while the Florida Democratic Party has received nearly $150,000.
Money was also given to many top Republican politicians as well as legislators who have been deeply involved with the future of gaming in the state.
Lenny Curry, chairman of the Republican Party of Florida, released a statement Thursday, saying, "In light of recent developments, RPOF is examining financial contributions that may be connected to any entities affiliated with the investigation and we are reviewing the most appropriate options."
Local races that received campaign contributions from the organizations included the sheriff's race, the state attorney post in Jacksonville and a Clerk of Courts candidate.
"Allied gave to everyone, including me," former state Rep. Mike Weinstein said. "I'm sure they gave $500 to different campaigns, but they did it for everyone on both sides of the aisle."
Weinstein said he received money from one of the men arrested in the Allied Veterans racketeering case. He said he's not a crook because of it, and neither are the other politicians on the list just because someone gave to the campaign.
"I don't think there is any question that we will see tentacles reach out and touch other parts of the city as we have already seen (Fraternal Order of Police President) Nelson Cuba and Allied Veterans have been giving to political campaigns for months if not years," attorney Gene Nichols said.
"If you're taking money from someone who already has legal trouble, but these guys at the time were pure," Weinstein said. "Running a legal business at the time. FOP was very substantial. Nelson Cuba was very substantial."
Weinstein is out of politics for now. He sees a difference between the normal campaign funding process and what happened with Allied Veterans.
"Just the idea that they gave to both parties is a perfect illustration that they don't know who's going to make these decisions, but they want to cover all their bets -- pardon the pun in a gambling issue," Weinstein said. "But they want to cover everything, everybody, just in case somebody rises to the top. It's not unique to Allied. What's unique to Allied -- they ended up in a problem by money laundering and racketeering."
As for the games in Internet cafes, they've come under scrutiny in Florida but are in a gray legal area. The past two years, there have been bills to regulate or ban them outright, but they have not passed.
Sen. Miguel Diaz de la Portilla, R-Miami, took donations from four people who were arrested as well as some companies linked to the scandal. He has been pushing a bill to regulate the operations instead of banning them. Diaz de la Portilla said just because he took the donations does not mean he knew about any illegal activity.
"There's no way for any of us to know what's going on behind closed doors or with these individuals," Diaz de la Portilla said.
While the amount given by the groups topped $1 million, it doesn't match the contributions of major players such as the Walt Disney Co., which along with its various affiliates poured nearly $3 million into state races during the last two years.
Some critics of the state's campaign finance system - which allows unlimited contributions to certain political committees - said this latest saga shows why it needs to be changed.
"Florida has a broken system that allows unlimited campaign contributions and it is difficult for the public to follow the money," said Dan Krassner, executive director of the independent ethics watchdog group Integrity Florida. "Politically connected organizations, some corrupt and others legit, are seeking to manipulate public policy for their own benefit."
The Florida House speaker, Weatherford - who has supported banning the storefront operations - said that the GOP should consider giving the money back, or donate an equal amount to charity.
So far neither party has agreed to do that. Instead, Florida GOP chairman Lenny Curry put out a statement Thursday saying the party was "reviewing the most appropriate options."
State campaign records showed that Scott's 2010 election campaign received three checks each for $500. Scott said Wednesday that if his campaign accepted any money from those groups connected to the scandal he would donate an equal amount to charity.
"We have zero tolerance for this type of criminal activity," said Scott.
Two checks came from one of the companies affiliated with the alleged mastermind, Jacksonville attorney Kelly Mathis. He and other defendants appeared at bail hearings Thursday. His attorney, Mitchell Stone, rejected investigators' claims and said Mathis did nothing illegal.
"Mathis is not a ringleader. Mathis was a lawyer for organizations that were trying to legally conduct business," Stone said. "It's a pretty scary day in America if your lawyer is prosecuted for representing your interests."
A judge set a $1 million bail for Mathis, who was not expected to be released immediately because his assets were frozen. His attorney said he would ask for another hearing and a lower bond.
In North Carolina, Gov. Pat McCrory announced Thursday his campaign has given a homeless charity the amount equal to what he received. Democrats in the state House also said they would donate amounts equal to any contributions received from Burns to charities focused on helping veterans.
Records also show a North Carolina law firm the governor worked for prior to taking office lobbied on behalf of Oklahoma-based International Internet Technologies. The firm, Moore & VanAllen, filed paperwork with the state severing its ties with the IIT.
IIT owner Chase Egan Burns of Anadarko, Okla., and his wife gave $8,000 to McCrory's campaign in October, according to records. Burns gave another $55,000 to the North Carolina Republican Party and nearly $92,000 to both GOP and Democratic legislators.