Gov. Rick Scott said Thursday that up to 14 days of early voting should be offered during the next election in Florida, an effort to reduce long lines experienced this past November -– that would be a reversal of course for Republicans.
Scott signed a bill two years ago shortly after taking office, that reduced the number of early voting days from 14 to eight. But he said in a statement Thursday that he is recommending to the Legislature –- still overwhelmingly Republican –- that they allow local supervisors of elections to determine the number of early voting days but that as many as 14 should be allowed.
"Our ultimate goal must be to restore Floridians’ confidence in our election system," Scott said.
Scott also said that early voting should occur on the Sunday before Election Day –- something Democrats, particularly African-American Democrats, have said is important to getting out the vote. Many black churches hold "souls to the polls" days on the Sunday before the election -– but that wasn't an option in 2012.
A coalition including Jacksonville U.S. Rep. Corrine Brown filed a federal lawsuit asking a judge to force the state to extend early voting hours and days, but he refused to intervene.
"Thank you, thank you, thank you Mr. Governor for reinstating what we already had," Brown told Channel 4's Ken Justice on Thursday in an interview taped for air during This Week In Jacksonville on Sunday morning.
While Scott refused to extend early voting days during the November election when waits at polling places in Miami stretched to seven hours, Scott's recommendations aren't a total surprise. He said since shortly after Election Day that the shortened number of early voting days may have played a part in problems and that lawmakers should look at whether that needs to be changed. Scott's formal recommendation comes after the state Division of Elections did its own review and a number of local elections supervisors said that more early voting days would have reduced long lines on the actual Election Day.
The increase in early voting days was recommended by Secretary of State Ken Detzner, whose office oversees the Division of Elections, and who reviewed Election Day problems for Scott.
Scott also recommended on Thursday allowing more and larger early voting locations. Several supervisors have complained that they didn't have enough voting spots in places where turnout was heavy, and that the law is too restrictive on where they can hold early voting.
In another recommendation, Scott said lawmakers should also try to reduce the length of the ballot by limiting how long the description of proposed constitutional amendments can be.
Several supervisors and others have said voters took longer than usual to vote this past year because they had to wade through 11 proposed constitutional amendments –- some of which had long summaries, or weren't summarized at all, but put onto the ballot in full. Legislators previously limited to 75 words the length of ballot summaries for proposed citizen initiatives, but didn't bind themselves to that limit.
Elections supervisors from around the state have been in Tallahassee this week and their testimony to lawmakers on how to make the experience easier for voters was generally the same as what Scott recommended Thursday.
The League of Women Voters of Florida quickly released a statement applauding Scott's calls for election reform.
"From increasing the number of days for early voting from 8 to 14, allowing local Supervisors of Elections more flexibility in determining early voting locations, and restoring shorter ballot language for voters, these steps are essential to helping us put Florida's elections fiascoes behind us once and for all," said LWV president Deirdre Macnab.
The head of the state Democratic Party dismissed Scott's proposal as pre-election year pandering on a position likely to be popular in areas where people waited in line.
"Gov. Rick Scott continues to lead from behind, breaking our elections system in 2011 and making our state a national embarrassment in 2012," said Democratic Party Chairman Rod Smith. "Heading into an election year, Scott is attempting to distance himself from his actions, which have hurt Florida voters and underscored that he simply can’t be trusted."
Scott's proposal, particularly on early voting, may also be met with mixed reaction by Republicans, who have spent the last several years resisting efforts to increase the ease with which people can cast ballots. They've said that fraud is the primary concern, as well as cost, and the notion that at essence, there must be some limits on how far the state should go in making it easy for everyone to vote.
Political observers have noted, however, that Democrats have mostly pushed for more opportunities to vote, believing that they benefit from easier access to the ballot.
Groups that have pushed for easier ballot access generally praised the governor's recommendation.
"These steps are essential to helping us put Florida's elections fiascoes behind us once and for all," the League of Women Voters said in a statement. "It is imperative to not only restore citizens' confidence in our electoral process, but also to show America that Florida can be synonymous with excellence in elections. We applaud the governor for taking a critical first step, and we now look to the Florida Legislature to do their part to protect our state's democracy."
In recommending giving supervisors flexibility to hold between eight and 14 days of early voting, it's possible that in some counties there would be no change, even if a bill did pass. Local supervisors of elections are elected – except in Miami-Dade County where the supervisor is appointed by the county's mayor.
Less restrictive requirements on voting were credited – or blamed – by some in 2010 for helping President Obama win in some communities where turnout far exceeded what had been seen in earlier elections, particularly in African-American communities.
Two Democratic senators, Arthenia Joyner and Gwen Margolis, filed proposed legislation a couple months ago (SB 80, SB 82) seeking to expand early voting. Republican Sen. Miguel Diaz de la Portilla of Miami filed legislation earlier this month (SB 176) that would add one new day of early voting: the Sunday before Election Day. In the House, Rep. Darryl Rouson, D-St. Petersburg, has filed a bill (HB 25) to expand early voting.