Publix Supermarkets Inc. has been cited by the U.S. Department of Labor's Occupational Safety and Health Administration for 16 safety and health violations at its West Beaver Street distribution facility in Jacksonville after receiving a complaint in September that a worker's hand was amputated while cleaning conveyor equipment.
Proposed penalties total $182,000.
One willful violation with a $70,000 penalty was cited for failing to utilize procedures for the control of potentially hazardous energy when employees service or clean equipment. A willful violation is one committed with intentional knowing or voluntary disregard for the law's requirements, or with plain indifference to worker safety and health.
Two repeat violations with penalties of $66,000 include failing to develop, document and utilize lockout/tagout procedures and not conducting an annual inspection of the energy control procedures. A repeat violation exists when an employer previously has been cited for the same or a similar violation of a standard, regulation, rule or order at any facility in federal enforcement states within the last five years. The company's Dacula, Ga., location was cited for the same violation in April 2008.
Publix Supermarkets also has been cited for six serious violations with penalties of $39,400 for failing to adequately train employees in procedures for the lockout/tagout of machine energy sources, install machine guarding on equipment where employees could come into contact with rotating and ingoing nip points, protect workers from struck by hazards by not anchoring equipment to the floor, protect workers from electric shock by having damaged electrical equipment repaired, use appropriate electrical outlet boxes in wet/damp locations and use receptacles that did not have weatherproof enclosures. A serious violation occurs when there is substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result from a hazard about which the employer knew or should have known.
"Publxi as a whole has had previous inspections. They've had over 12 fatality investigations. Forty-one have resulted in several violations being issued," said OSHA Area Director Brian Sturtecky.
Six other-than-serious safety violations with penalties of $6,600 have been cited for failing to complete an OSHA 301 log injury and illness incident report or its equivalent for 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010, and have a company executive sign the OSHA 300 log of injuries and illnesses for 2007 and 2008. One other-than-serious health violation, with no monetary penalty, has been cited for failing to have a written hazard communications program that listed hazardous chemicals in the workplace. An other-than-serious violation is one that has a direct relationship to job safety and health, but probably would not cause death or serious physical harm.
"Publix is well aware of the hazards the cleaning crew was exposed to, yet took no steps to safeguard employees by controlling the conveyor equipment's energy source," said Brian Sturtecky, OSHA's area director in Jacksonville. "Exposing workers to amputation hazards is unacceptable, and corrective action must be taken immediately."
Due to the repeat violations and the nature of the hazards, OSHA has placed Publix in its Severe Violator Enforcement Program, which mandates targeted follow-up inspections to ensure compliance with the law. The program focuses on recalcitrant employers that endanger workers by committing willful, repeat or failure-to-abate violations.
Publix's Jacksonville distribution center employs about 450 workers and has a small fresh foods manufacturing process area.
No one commented about the citations when Channel 4 stopped by the facility late Wednesday.
The citations can be viewed here.
The company has 15 business days from receipt of the citations and proposed penalties to comply, request a conference with OSHA's area director or contest the findings before the independent Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission.