(CNN) -

Here's a look at what you need to know about the Winter Olympics.

Winter Olympics facts and history

Jan. 25, 1924 - Feb. 5, 1924 - The first Winter Olympics are held in Chamonix, France.

The first Winter Olympic champion was Charles Jewtraw (USA); Jewtraw won a gold medal in the 500m speed skating event.

At the 2010 Winter Olympics, there were 86 gold medal events, with 5,600 athletes and officials from more than 40 nations participating.

The 2014 Winter Olympics are scheduled to be held Feb. 7-Feb. 23, 2014 in Sochi, Russia.

The Chamonix games were originally called International Sports Week 1924 and were retroactively named the First Olympic Winter Games.

Sixteen nations and 258 athletes (11 women, 247 men) competed in 16 events at the first Winter Olympics.


Biathlon includes cross-country skiing and rifle shooting.

1924 - Biathlon is an exhibition event at the Olympics in Chamonix Mont-Blanc.

1960 - Biathlon is added to the Olympics in Squaw Valley.

1992 - Women's Biathlon is added to the Olympics in Albertville.

2014 - Biathlon mixed relay is added to the Olympics in Sochi.


1924 - Fours bobsled is a part of the first winter Olympics in Chamonix Mont-Blanc.

1932 - Pairs bobsled is added to the Olympics.

1952 - A weight limit is imposed on bobsled teams to make the competition fair.

2002 - Women's pairs bobsled is added to the Olympics in Salt Lake City.