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Sept. 30, 1976, to Oct. 11, 1976 (10 days): President Gerald Ford vetoed a bill funding the Department of Labor and what was then known as the Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Ford claimed the bill didn't do enough to reign in spending. The Democratic-led House and Senate overrode the veto.
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Sept. 30, 1977, to Oct. 13, 1977 (12 days): The Democratic-led House wanted to keep a ban on using Medicaid to pay for abortions, with one exception: if the mother's life was at risk. The Democratic-led Senate wanted to add exceptions for rape, incest and the mother's health, too. The existing policy was extended so differences could be worked out.
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Sept. 30, 1978, to Oct. 18, 1978 (18 days): President Jimmy Carter vetoed two bills with projects he opposed: a defense bill that included a nuclear-powered aircraft carrier and a public works bill that included water projects Carter thought were wasteful. A health bill was also delayed because of an abortion dispute similar to the previous year's. Congress passed new funding bills without the projects Carter didn't like and kept 1977's abortion compromise.
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Sept. 30, 1979, to Oct. 12, 1979 (11 days): Democrats in the House and Senate got into an argument over raising congressional pay -- the House wanted to raise it by 5.5 percent, but the Senate didn't. Additionally, the same abortion issue contested in the previous four shutdowns caused problems once again.
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Nov. 20, 1981, to Nov. 23, 1981 (Two days): President Ronald Reagan asked for $8.4 billion in spending cuts. When the House of Representatives came back with a bill with more defense cuts than Reagan wanted and a proposal for a pay raise, Reagan vetoed it. Congress passed another bill with fewer cuts, which Regan also vetoed. An extension of current spending was signed to give more time to craft a compromise.