On this day: October 31

Published On: Oct 31 2012 12:59:09 AM EDT   Updated On: Oct 31 2015 02:00:00 AM EDT

The first All Hallows' Evening is celebrated, Nevada becomes a state, Harry Houdini dies, Mount Rushmore is completed, and the Vatican apologizes to Galileo, all on this day.

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U.S. Antarctic Program

1956: Rear Adm. G.J. Dufek becomes the first person to land an airplane at the South Pole. Dufek, who was the first American to set foot on the South Pole, was part of an advance party to build the first permanent South Pole Station.