On this day: October 31

Published On: Oct 31 2012 12:59:09 AM EDT   Updated On: Oct 31 2014 02:00:00 AM EDT

The first All Hallows' Evening is celebrated, Nevada becomes a state, Harry Houdini dies, Mount Rushmore is completed, and the Vatican apologizes to Galileo, all on this day.

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Mike Hutchings/Reuters

2006: P.W. Botha, South Africa's apartheid-era president, dies of a heart attack at the age of 90 in Wilderness, South Africa. He's seen here in 1998 arriving at court for judgment in the case brought against him by the country's Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Botha was found guilty of defying a summons from the TRC to appear before it to answer questions relating to human rights violations committed under apartheid and was fined and given a suspended jail sentence.