On this day: October 4

Published On: Oct 03 2012 08:01:41 PM EDT   Updated On: Oct 04 2013 02:00:00 AM EDT

Work begins on Mount Rushmore, Sputnik is launched into space, the pope visits America for the first time, Janis Joplin is found dead of an overdose, all on this day.

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National Archives and Records Administration

1923: Actor Charlton Heston, who would become known for his heroic roles in films such as "The Ten Commandments," "Ben-Hur" (for which he won a Best Actor Oscar), "El Cid" and "Planet of the Apes," is born north of Chicago. Heston, who died from pneumonia at age 84 in April 2008, was also known for his political activism, including his involvement in the Civil Rights movement and a five-term stint as president of the National Rifle Association from 1998 to 2003.