Caldwell-Pope combined with Robinson to score 21 of Georgia's 36 first-half points.
Georgia began the game ranked last in the SEC in scoring, but finished 15 points above its average. Florida was 15 points under its SEC-leading average.
"That was a great win for us," Bulldogs coach Mark Fox said. "We beat a great team in Florida. They're a team that we have a tremendous amount of respect for. It's a big win for us, and we're very proud of it."
The Gators, who played their first game without top reserve Will Yeguette after the sophomore forward broke his left foot Tuesday against Auburn, were just 5 of 23 on 3-point attempts. They began the game leading the nation with an average of 10.3 3-pointers per game.
"I really am concerned if we will ever play with any passion again," Donovan said. "I'm being totally honest here because if you can't get excited to play on the road against a bordering state, getting a chance to go 11-3 in the league and do that, but you come out and you play like that?
"Sometimes to coach with these guys, I feel like I'm grabbing these guys by the back of their shirts and I'm pulling them up a hill all the time."