Memo: President Trump repeatedly prodded Ukraine's leader to investigate Biden
Washington plunges into presidential impeachment investigation
WASHINGTON – President Donald Trump repeatedly prodded Ukraine's new leader to work with the U.S. attorney general and lawyer Rudy Giuliani to investigate Democratic political rival Joe Biden, according to a rough transcript summarizing the call released Wednesday.
In the call this summer, Trump raised allegations, without citing any evidence, that the former vice president sought to interfere with a Ukrainian prosecutor in regard to son Hunter. His words were at once bantering and suggestive, without the kind of explicit language that would lead to a straight-line conclusion about his intent.
"Whatever you can do with the attorney general would be great,'' Trump told President Volodymyr Zelenskiy, asking for help in investigating Biden. He referred to Giuliani, his personal attorney and trusted adviser, as a "highly respected man'' and said, "I will ask him to call you along with the attorney general."
After saying Giuliani and Barr would be in touch, Trump referenced Ukraine's economy, saying: "Your economy is going to get better and better I predict. You have a lot of assets. It's a great country.'' Zelenskiy had earlier raised to Trump his desire to purchase additional Javelin anti-tank missiles from the U.S.
Trump's language is often contradictory, with blunt assertions followed by layers of qualifications like "who knows?'' or "that's what people are saying."
The conversation between the two leaders is one piece of a whistleblower's complaint, which followed the July 25 call and is central to the formal impeachment inquiry initiated Tuesday by House Speaker Nancy Pelosi.
The White House account reveals that Trump was willing to engage a foreign leader to seek damaging information on a political foe and that he went so far as to volunteer his attorney general to help. But Trump appears to stop short in the call of any direct quid pro quo, such as linking Ukraine's help to American military aid or other assistance.
Days before the call, Trump froze nearly $400 million in aid to Ukraine. It was not clear from the summary whether Zelenskiy was aware of that, and the White House did not respond to requests to clarify. The president has insisted he did nothing wrong and has denied that any request for help was tied to the aid freeze.
During a meeting with Trump Wednesday on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly, Zelenskiy said he felt no pressure to act on his call with Trump. He declared, "Nobody pushed me."
It's illegal under federal law to seek foreign government assistance for U.S. elections.
| President Trump to President Zelenskiy: |
"I would like you to do us a favor though because our country has been through a lot and Ukraine knows a lot about it. I would like you to find out what happened with this whole situation with Ukraine.... I would like to have the attorney general call you or your people and I would like you to get to the bottom of it."
The release of the rough transcript sets the parameters of the political debate to come.
Trump, at the U.N. on Wednesday, dismissed it and said as he often does that's he's the victim of "the single greatest witch hunt in American history.'' Democrats in Congress say it lays the groundwork for the impeachment inquiry.
Trump aides believed that his oblique, message-by-suggestion style of speaking would not lend itself to the discovery of a "smoking gun'' in Wednesday's summary. His previous missives to his staff were at the center of special counsel Robert Mueller's investigation into obstruction of justice in the Trump-Russia case.
"The transcript is inconclusive. If there had been a quid pro quo, and by that I mean the president said, 'We are going to withhold military aid unless you conduct this investigation of Joe Biden,' that would have been a clear-cut impropriety. That was not the case," said News4Jax political analyst Rick Mullaney, who is the director of the Public Policy Institute at Jacksonville University.
Mullaney said the transcript will be viewed from a partisan lens, pointing to Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., calling it a “nothing burger” and House Intelligence Committee Chairman Adam Schiff, D-Calif., calling the phone call a mobster shakedown.
Mullaney said Americans can look forward to continued investigations on Ukraine by six different committees into alleged improprieties on behalf of the president, along with potential impeachment hearings leading up to the election in November 2020.
"The problem for Donald Trump, from what I believe, is that if he survives the Ukrainian part of this investigation, the impeachment momentum has picked up," Mullaney said.
Trump is direct in raising the question of Joe and Hunter Biden and a Ukrainian prosecutor: "There's a lot of talk about Biden's son, that Biden stopped the prosecution and a lot of people want to find out about that.''
In the conversation, Trump doesn't distinguish between the roles of Giuliani and Barr, the nation's top law enforcement officer. Barr has been a staunch defender of Trump, most notably during the Mueller investigation.
It's not the first time Trump has sought foreign assistance to undermine a political rival. He publicly asked Russia to find missing Hillary Clinton emails in 2016, but this is his first documented time doing so while president.
The White House did not say whether there are any records of Giuliani's communications with Zelenskiy. The White House has also not commented on whether Trump discussed Biden on an April 21 call with the Ukrainian leader or with any other foreign power.
The president took the 30-minute July call from the White House residence, while officials in the Situation Room listened in and worked to keep a record of the conversation, as is standard practice. They used voice recognition software, but the call was not recorded. Trump ordered the document declassified Tuesday.
The release came against the backdrop of the president presiding over a meeting of world leaders at the United Nations, a remarkable split screen even for the turbulence of the Trump era.
The inspector general for the intelligence community wrote to the acting Director of National Intelligence in August that he believed the conversation between Trump and Ukraine's leader could have been a federal campaign finance violation because the president could have been soliciting a campaign contribution from a foreign government, a Justice Department official said.
The whistleblower -- a member of the intelligence community -- said in the complaint that he or she had heard the information from "White House officials,'' but did not have firsthand knowledge of the call, the Justice Department official said.
Prosecutors from the department reviewed a transcript of the call and determined the president did not violate campaign finance law, based on the elements of the allegation, and there was no consideration of the department's policy that a sitting president cannot be indicted, the official said.
The official spoke on condition of anonymity in order to discuss internal investigative deliberations.
Justice Department spokeswoman Kerri Kupec said the attorney general was first notified of Trump's conversation with the Ukrainian president "several weeks after the call took place,'' when the department received the referral about potential criminal conduct.
"The president has not spoken with the attorney general about having Ukraine investigate anything relating to former Vice President Biden or his son,'' she said. "The president has not asked the attorney general to contact Ukraine -- on this or any other matter.''
Trump has sought to implicate Biden and his son in the kind of corruption that has long plagued Ukraine. Hunter Biden served on the board of a Ukrainian gas company at the same time his father was leading the Obama administration's diplomatic dealings with Kyiv. Though the timing raised concerns among anti-corruption advocates, there has been no evidence of wrongdoing by either the former vice president or his son.
Lawmakers, who have been demanding details of the whistleblower's complaint, were to gain access to the document in a classified setting late Wednesday ahead of the testimony of acting director of national intelligence Joseph Maguire Thursday.
Associated Press Writers Eric Tucker, Lisa Mascaro and Colleen Long contributed to this report.
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