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Back-to-school eye exams

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Back to school time is also a good time to get your child's eyes checked. Their eyes are growing, just like the rest of their body, and problems could develop along the way.

Dr. Rishi Singh is an ophthalmologist at Cleveland Clinic. He says eye exams aren't necessary every school year, but you should still have regular check-ups.

"Check your child's vision before the age of 2 And then check it around the age of 5, again and then do, kind of, every 3 or 4 year examinations thereafter," said Singh.

Singh says nowadays, schools are much better at recognizing vision issues a child might have. He says a basic screening, in a pediatrician's office, or at school, is good at identifying potential problems.

A typical eye exam includes reading an eye chart, looking at how your child's eyes move, checking near and distance vision, and a look at the front and back of the eye to ensure normal development. Singh says it's important for parents and teachers to pay attention to the more subtle signs, too.

"It could be something like not being able to see the chalk board, just doing poorly in school and not paying attention in school necessarily," explained Singh. "Sometimes children change their position or their desk position to move up in the classroom in order to see better."

Singh says most eye defects are corrected with a pair of glasses, or contact lenses.