TALLAHASSEE, Fla. – Weeks after their children were gunned down in the worst high school shooting since Columbine, parents of the victims stood in the Florida Capitol and watched Gov. Rick Scott sign a far-reaching bill that places new restrictions on guns.
Hours later, the National Rifle Association filed a federal lawsuit to block it. The NRA is arguing the bill's provision that raises raises the minimum age to buy rifles from 18 to 21 is unconstitutional.
The NRA insisted that the measure "punishes law-abiding gun owners for the criminal acts of a deranged individual."
"I’m really not surprised," former constitutional law professor Rod Sullivan said. "They were obviously waiting on the governor to sign the bill. They were ready to pounce on this issue, and the complaint they drafted was not drafted in a day."
Sullivan said the Northern District of Florida judge who will hear the case is more liberal than others and could side with the state, but the NRA probably won't stop there.
"From there they can go to the 11th Circuit in Atlanta, and after that, they have the chance to go to the U.S. Supreme Court and raise this issue there," Sullivan said.
Sullivan said while there might be an initial ruling on the bill quickly since the age limit and most other provisions of the big go into effect immediately, he thinks the progress through the courts will be slow.
Many of the students who survived last month's shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School called on Florida lawmakers to pass a total ban on semiautomatic assault-style rifles like the AR-15 used at to kill 17 people and wound more than a dozen others at their school. What the Legislature passed and Scott signed was seen as compromise.
Florida is not alone in setting restrictions on who can buy a rifle and at what age, so the outcome of this case could have national implications.
"It does come down to the Second Amendment. It’s a fundamental right. It’s not like the right to buy cigarettes or drink alcohol. This is a right that’s in the Constitution," Sullivan said.
Other Florida political also weighed in opposing raising the age limit to buy rifles.
U.S. Rep RonDeSantis, who is running for governor, told Fox News that the new gun safety provisions won’t “prevent any gun crimes” and reiterated his support for arming teachers. He predicted that the NRA’s lawsuit against the law is “probably going to succeed.”
What got us here
The sweeping new law that goes well beyond hiking the age to buy a rifle capped an extraordinary three weeks of lobbying after the shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School, with student survivors and grieving families working to persuade a Republican-run state government that had shunned gun control measures.
Surrounded by family members of the 17 people killed in the Valentine's Day shooting, the GOP governor said the bill balances "our individual rights with need for public safety."
"It's an example to the entire country that government can and has moved fast," said Scott, whose state has been ruled for 20 years by gun-friendly Republican lawmakers.
Tony Montalto, whose daughter Gina was killed in the shooting, read a statement from victims' families: "When it comes to preventing future acts of horrific school violence, this is the beginning of the journey. We have paid a terrible price for this progress."
In addition to raising the minimum age to buy rifles to 21, with exceptions for members of the military and law enforcement, the bill extends a three-day waiting period for handgun purchases to include long guns and bans bump stocks, which allow guns to mimic fully automatic fire. It also creates a so-called guardian program enabling some teachers and other school employees to carry guns.
The NRA said the bill's focus is misplaced.
The Parkland gunman "gave repeated warning signs that were ignored by federal and state officials. If we want to prevent future atrocities, we must look for solutions that keep guns out of the hands of those who are a danger to themselves or others, while protecting the rights of law-abiding Americans," Chris W. Cox, executive director of the NRA's Institute for Legislative Action, said in a statement.
The signing marked a major victory for the teens who lived through the attack and swiftly became the public faces of a renewed gun-control movement. Just days after the shooting, they began holding rallies, lobbying lawmakers and harnessing the power of social media in support of reform.
The governor told the students: "You helped change our state. You made a difference. You should be proud."
Scott, who said he's an NRA member and will continue to be one, said he is still "not persuaded" about the guardian program that will let districts authorize staff members to carry handguns if they complete law enforcement training. It's not mandatory.
"If counties don't want to do this, they can simply say no," he said.
The governor singled out two fathers whose children were killed, saying that they walked the halls of the Legislature since the shooting seeking change.
"I know the debate on all these issues will continue. And that's healthy in our democracy," he said. "This is a time for all of us to come together, roll up our sleeves and get it done."
Student activists from the school called it "a baby step."
"Obviously, this is what we've been fighting for. It's nowhere near the long-term solution," said Chris Grady, a senior at Stoneman Douglas High. "It's a baby step but a huge step at the same time. Florida hasn't passed any legislation like this in God knows how long."
In schools, the measure creates new mental health programs and establishes an anonymous tip line for reporting threats. It also seeks to improve communication between schools, law enforcement and state agencies.
Broward County teachers union President Anna Fusco said teachers supported the bill but not the provision allowing them to carry guns.
She said she wants Scott to veto the money for the guardian program when he receives the budget. The governor cannot veto individual items in the bill itself, but he does have line-item veto power with the budget.
The Broward County school superintendent has already said he doesn't want to participate in the program.
Meanwhile, the 19-year-old former student accused of assaulting the school went before a judge. Nikolas Cruz faces 17 counts of murder and attempted murder. In a brief hearing Friday, he stood with his head bowed as he appeared via video conference.
Cruz's public defender has said he will plead guilty if prosecutors take the death penalty off the table and sentence him to life in prison instead. Prosecutors have not announced a decision.