Federal grand jury indicts former JEA executives, accuses them of conspiracy, wire fraud

The 2 men will face a judge on Tuesday

After a long-running federal investigation, two former JEA officials, former CEO Aaron Zahn and former CFO Ryan Wannemacher, are charged with conspiracy and fraud.

JACKSONVILLE, Fla. – Former JEA Chief Executive Officer Aaron Zahn and former JEA Chief Financial Officer Ryan Wannemacher have been indicted by a federal grand jury on charges of conspiracy and wire fraud.

Federal prosecutors unsealed the indictment Monday. It all stems from allegations of an attempt to take millions in personal profits from a proposed sale of the utility through a controversial bonus plan, which would have cost taxpayers hundreds of millions of dollars.

According to United States Attorney Roger B. Handberg, if convicted on all counts, Zahn and Wannemacher each face up to 25 years in federal prison.

The indictment says the two executives worked together to “devise a lucrative business plan known as the Performance Unit Plan (PUP) that would have paid millions to Zahn, Wannemacher, and others had JEA been sold during the Invitation To Negotiate (ITN) in 2019.”

In the fall of 2019, a city auditor’s report revealed that the true cost of the PUP would have been millions more than what the JEA board had initially been told. In December 2019, the JEA Board stopped the ITN process to review the bonus program and the JEA sale. The indictment alleges that Zahn and Wannemacher made material misrepresentations and hid the true nature of the PUP from the board.

Late Monday afternoon Aaron Zahn released this statement about the indictment through his attorney:

“Today, Aaron Zahn learned that grand jury had indicted him as a result of actions taken during his tenure as the CEO of JEA. Mr. Zahn affirms his innocence, denies any wrongdoing and is eager to present his case to a jury. Mr. Zahn has a lengthy and accomplished public record in the Jacksonville community as a father, husband, and business leader. This public record includes his acceptance of the role of CEO of JEA to serve as a change agent by bringing his extensive private business experience and know-how to JEA and develop innovative ways to improve the utility for the benefit of the community and its ratepayers. He challenged the stagnant conventional thinking that permeated JEA and looked for cost-effective and innovative ways, commonly used in private businesses, to diversify revenues and retain the talented employees of JEA. Throughout this process, JEA engaged well-regarded lawyers, consultants, and financial advisors to craft and vet both the lawfulness and ethics of employing these innovative ideas in a government setting. Mr. Zahn is confident that when the jury is presented with all the evidence, he will be vindicated.”

Earlier Monday, JEA released this statement:

“Since 2020, several measures have been put in place under new leadership to ensure transparency at JEA and that the types of actions that caused the investigation in the first place won’t be repeated. All of us, including the JEA Board of Directors and each employee, are focused on providing Northeast Florida with reliable utility service at reasonable rates. We are intent on making sound financial decisions that will help us serve as a publicly owned not-for-profit utility for another 125 years. JEA is foundational to our community. It should not be lost on anyone that 2,000 committed JEA team members continue to provide exceptional service to our customers. And when we do our jobs well, everyone else can do their jobs well.”

RELATED: Federal subpoena issued for records linked to attempted sale of JEA | 22 subpoenas issued in City Council investigation of JEA | Councilman calls attempt to sell JEA ‘swindle’ based on ‘biggest lie’ in city history | Why a Braves game attended by Mayor Curry, ex-JEA CEO and City Council president is raising questions | JEA removes CEO Aaron Zahn | DOCUMENT: Read a copy of the federal subpoena issued to JEA

News4JAX Political Analyst Rick Mullaney, of Jacksonville University’s Public Policy Institute said the impact from this will be historical.

“This appears to be the greatest scheme to defraud the taxpayers in the history of Jacksonville,” Mullaney said. “In fact, I will go further, it’s one of the greatest schemes in the country.”

Jacksonville City Councilman Rory Diamond once led a city council investigation into the wrongdoings of JEA.

“I think everyone wants to see this chapter in Jacksonville history come to a close,” Diamond said. “The good news about the indictment is we can finally get some justice for the people of Jacksonville and close the chapter on this and move forward as a city.”

Mayor Lenny Curry originally appointed Zahn to serve on the JEA board and had backed him for the CEO’s position. He issued a statement Monday concerning the indictments:

“My administration has, and will continue, to cooperate with all official inquiries in to the management of our local utility. Beyond that, I will reserve further comment at this time out of respect for the ongoing legal process.”

Zahn and Wannemacher are expected to be in federal court Tuesday at 2:30 p.m.

Defense attorney weighs in

Defense Attorney and former federal prosecutor Curtis Fallgatter, who is not affiliated with the case, told News4JAX that he can understand why taxpayers would be enraged at Zahn and Wannemacher’s alleged crimes.

The NEWS4JAX I-TEAM speaks with a defense attorney about what has been called one of the biggest fraud attempts in Jacksonville history: Federal prosecutors say the former JEA CEO Aaron Zahn and former CFO Ryan Wannemacher tried to steal millions of taxpayer dollars for themselves off the proposed sale of JEA.

“We’re talking some $350 million was the potential windfall for Mr. Zahn and his associate. That’s off the charts from the federal sentencing guidelines,” Fallgatter said.

Fallgatter expects prosecutors to use the two men’s memorandums, plans and presentations that they made at JEA board meetings to prove their guilt. Fallgatter says proving intent to defraud will be one of the key points in the case..

″That’s not always that difficult if someone is trying to steal from the taxpayers $350 million of taxpayer money by fabricating the claim that the entity is going out of business and we’re going to have to fire some 500 some odd employees just to operate, you know, when you fabricate that kind of a pretext to accomplish your goal of making $350 million? Most people look at that and say, yep, that’s fraud,” Falgatter said.

Fallgatter doesn’t expect any follow up indictment in the case, agreeing that taxpayers should be outraged if the allegations are proven true.

Inspector General Report

Last month, an audit report released by Jacksonville’s inspector general criticized JEA’s former leaders for overspending. The report identified red flags with travel, drinks and an “escape room” event. It also looked at more than 900 transactions in which corporate cards were used. More than half did not comply with JEA policies and procedures.

The spending and questionable reimbursements totaled more than $134,000. The charges included offsite meetings, alcoholic drinks at team lunches, out-of-town travel and charges not allowed or not documented properly.

As a result of the report, JEA is making 13 different changes to its policies and procedures. All changes will be made by March 15.

About the Authors:

Jim Piggott is the reporter to count on when it comes to city government and how it will affect the community.

Tarik anchors the 4, 5:30 and 6:30 p.m. weekday newscasts and reports with the I-TEAM.